Indian, Sikh, Lahore, early 19th century
This is one of very few helmets, all made in Lahore, with a skull shaped in the form of the Sikh turban (patka).
The skull is lavishly decorated in gold onlay (koftgari) with foliage diaper panels and borders, with a large pipal leaf at either side. It has a long, and now rather damaged mail aventail made of fine butted mail of iron and brass arranged in a geometrical diaper.
Unusually, the lining of the helmet survives. This is made of crimson velvet, with an inner lining of cream cotton, quilted in segments over cotton wadding.