Royal Armouries

Bronze 6-Pounder Field Gun, 'L’Avocat'

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Bronze 6-Pounder Field Gun, L’Avocat, 1813 - xix.352

Bronze 6-Pounder Field Gun, L’Avocat, 1813 - xix.352

  • Bronze 6-Pounder Field Gun, L’Avocat, 1813 - xix.352

    Bronze 6-Pounder Field Gun, L’Avocat, 1813 - xix.352

  • Bronze 6-Pounder Field Gun, L’Avocat, 1813 - xix.352

    Bronze 6-Pounder Field Gun, L’Avocat, 1813 - xix.352

Date: 1813 | Object number: XIX.352

Bronze 6-Pounder Field Gun, 'L’Avocat'

Description

Collection no. XIX.352
Date 1813
Calibre (mm) 95.8
Barrel length (m) 1.68
Weight (kg) 383
Projectile weight (kg) 2.7
Range (m) 546
Crew 8
Fire rate 2 per minute

Vive l’Empereur!

During the Napoleonic Wars (1799-1815) British soldiers – officers included – suffered heavy casualties from French field guns. 6-pounders like this were used by Napoleon’s famous Imperial Guard.

Made in 1813, ‘L’Avocat’ (The Lawyer) was captured by the Duke of Wellington’s troops at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.

Trained as a gunner, Napoleon’s skill and leadership made the French artillery truly a battle-winner. He had inherited excellent guns, and this six-pounder was a simplified version of one produced in large numbers during the French Revolution. It combined excellent mobility with deadly fire power, causing many Allied casualties at Waterloo.

Cast at the famous Strasbourg foundry by J G Maritz, the barrel is engraved with an ‘N’ for Napoleon in a wreath of oak leaves and is named L’Avocat, (lawyer). The carriage is a replica.

‘Hard pounding this, gentlemen; let’s see who can pound the longest.’
The Duke of Wellington, Waterloo, 1815

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