Royal Armouries

Institutions of the Tower

The Tower of London has been home to many important national institutions for over 900 years. Close to the seat of royal power at Westminster, the fortress offered a secure site for a variety of functions vital to England’s monarchy.

Competition for space and power grew as the number of institutions expanded and their employees increased. While some organisations moved out and other functions ceased, many operated for hundreds of years, making the Tower England’s ultimate power house.

Constables

Ordnance Office

Royal Observatory

The Royal Mint

Prison

Jewel House

Records Office

Menagerie

Ordnance Survey

Royal Armouries

Did you know?

The best ideas are simple

What do the Jennings rifle, the Winchester 73 rifle, the Maxim machine gun and the Luger pistol have in common? – they all use the same basic toggle mechanism to lock the breech and operate in the same way as a knee or elbow joint.