Royal Armouries

Edward III (reigned 1327 – 1377)

Images

colour photo of a carved wooden head of Edward III

Carved wooden head of Edward III. English, about 1688-90 (XVII.41)

  • colour photo of a carved wooden head of Edward III

    Carved wooden head of Edward III. English, about 1688-90 (XVII.41)

  • watercolour of a line of armoured figures on horseback

Date: 1688 | Object number: XVII.41

Statistics

Object Provenance: English, about 1688-90
Object Number: XVII.41
Max. height: 40 cm (15.7 in)
Max. circumference: 63 cm (24.8 in)
Weight: 2.797 kg (6 lb 3 oz)

Edward III (reigned 1327 – 1377)

Description

Construction

Two part

Type of Wood

Oak

Appearance

Realistically painted. The head is complete and has carved ears and facial hair (a generous beard and flowing moustache) including some detailing to eyebrows. The hair on his head is a paint finish. Brown eyes and quite high colouring overall.

Paint Analysis

three paint finishes:
(i) Ground layer of lead white & chalk, followed by an original pale flesh finish of lead white tinted with vermilion
(ii) Repainted using red ochre for a darker pink
(iii) Present orange-pink treatment

Wood Analysis

Rings distorted by hammering and so unsuitable as dating aid.

References

F. Grose, A Treatise on ancient armour and weapons, London, 1786, pl.XXV

Other Notes

ACN Borg Heads and Horses, 1976 p.325;
plates LXXVIa-b, LXXVIIb.

The 1768 Guide described the figure of Edward III “with a venerable grey beard and in suit of plain bright armour, with 2 crowns on his sword”.

Statistics

Object Provenance: English, about 1688-90
Object Number: XVII.41
Max. height: 40 cm (15.7 in)
Max. circumference: 63 cm (24.8 in)
Weight: 2.797 kg (6 lb 3 oz)

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Edward III in the Line of Kings Click on the title link above to find out more.

Wooden Heads: an Introduction Click on the title link above to find out more.

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