Buff leather coats were worn light cavalry in the 17th century.
Buff coats were made from the hides of cattle, treated but not tanned. They were then died a distinctive ochre yellow colour.
Leather buff coats offered good protection against sword cuts but not pikes or guns. They were however lighter than steel and worn with a bullet-proof breastplate allowed the harquebusier to be more flexible and mobile as a force.
This particular buff coat is English from about 1650 and came from the armoury at Littlecote House.
Marks: Inscribed inside the collar in brown ink “Ph. Mann(e)ring”; at the right of the waist, beneath the overlap is a red wax seal impression.